Therese of Lisieux emerged as some of the popular saints for Catholics in the 20th century, and a statue of her can be discovered in many European and North American Catholic church buildings constructed prior to the Second Vatican Council (after which the variety of statues tended to be lowered when church buildings had been built). “A Brief History of The Carmelites – THE OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF THE CARMELITE ORDER”. Titus Brandsma, a Dutch scholar and author who was killed in Dachau concentration camp because of his stance in opposition to Nazism; and Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (née Edith Stein), a Jewish convert to Catholicism who was additionally imprisoned and died at Auschwitz. The Discalced Carmelites additionally faced a lot opposition from other unreformed Carmelite houses (notably, Carmelites from Toledo arrested and imprisoned John of the Cross in their own monastery).

The Feast of All Carmelite Saints and Blesseds is well known on November 14. Reform in Spain began in earnest within the 1560s, with the work of Teresa of Ávila, who, together with John of the Cross, established the Discalced Carmelites. Teresa’s foundations were welcomed by King Philip II of Spain, who was most anxious for all Orders to be reformed in accordance with the rules of the Council of Trent (1545–1563). The proliferation of latest religious homes in towns that have been already struggling to cope economically was an unwelcome prospect. Local townspeople resisted direction by the the Aristocracy and diocesan clergy.

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It was almost certainly composed by Philip Ribot, Catalan Carmelite provincial, though Ribot passed off his work as a collection of earlier writings that he edited, claiming that the Institution itself was written by John XLIV, supposedly a patriarch of Jerusalem, who purportedly wrote the text in Greek in 412. The Institution tells of the founding of the Carmelite order by the prophet Elijah and gives a whimsical historical past of the order within the pre- and early Christian era. It was hugely influential, and has been described as the “chief guide of spiritual reading within the Carmelite order” until the seventeenth century. Quite early in their history, the Carmelites started to develop ministries in line with their new status as mendicant non secular.

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Cross Border Logistics

The charism (or non secular focus) of the Carmelite Order is contemplation. Carmelites perceive contemplation in a broad sense encompassing prayer, neighborhood, and repair.