¡Avanzando Juntas! Latina Economic Empowerment Program

ACNN studyconducted the same year, however, found that 53% of Latinas get pregnant in their teens, about twice the national average. This number, while not reflecting the hypersexuality of Latina teens, can be attributed to intersecting social issues of gender, race, class, immigrant status and education. For the most part, researchers have concentrated on Caucasian girls and women from middle- to upper-class backgrounds, with few doctors even equipped with the language and questions to ask Latina sufferers.

First, a factor analysis indicated that the factor structure of the UAS-3AC items was explained by four underlying types of attributions about addiction. The study was approved by, and conducted in compliance with, the institutional review board at a large southeastern university. Decades of research have established links between socioeconomic variables and substance use among U.S.

The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. The term traditionally denotes the ethnic Peruvian mixed with European ancestry .

There is a low level of intermarriage with the general Mexican population, with only 3.1% of marriages being mixed. Although the Jewish community is less than one percent of Mexico’s total population, Mexico is one of the few countries whose Jewish population is expected to grow. European Mexicans are Mexican citizens who trace all or most of their ancestry to Europe. Europeans began arriving in Mexico during the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire; and while during the colonial period most European immigration was Spanish, in the 19th and 20th centuries European and European-derived populations from North and South America did immigrate to the country.

here are plenty of gender-neutral terms that people have tried to make a thing in American English. Take upstart pronouns like xe or zir, which have had champions for centuries and remain little-used. Consider “first-year student,” which is gaining steam but has a long way to go before supplanting freshman.

We asked survey respondents about their awareness of the term Latinx and their views of the term. The sample includes 2,094 Hispanic adults who were members of Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel , an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. It also includes an oversample of 936 respondents sampled from Ipsos’ KnowledgePanel, another online survey panel also recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. For the purposes of this report, references to foreign-born Hispanics include those born in Puerto Rico. The event, also called Mujeres Latinas Expo, is celebrating its fifth year.

The United States Census Bureau uses the ethnonyms Hispanic or Latino to refer to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race and states that Hispanics or Latinos can be of any race, any ancestry, any ethnicity. http://fioniasengle.dk/2020/minder/how-exactly-to-keep-puerto-rican-girls Spanish is used to refer to the people, nationality, culture, language and other things of Spain. The term commonly applies to the countries once under colonial possession by the Spanish Empire following the Spanish colonization of the Americas, parts of the Asia-Pacific region and Africa.

Cubans are mostly of White Latin American ancestry, however there are also populations of Blacks and multi-racials as well. The race and culture of each Hispanic/Latino country and their United States diaspora differs by history and geography.

As such, Mexico’s National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples recognizes the language of the Kickapoo who immigrated from the United States, and recognizes the languages of Guatemalan Amerindian refugees. The most numerous indigenous language spoken by Mexicans is Nahuatl which is spoken by 1.7% of the population in Mexico over the age of 5. Approximately 6,044,547 Mexicans (5.4%) speak an indigenous language according to the 2000 Census in Mexico.

Latina women earn $549 per week, compared with white women’s median earnings of $718. Latina women make 55 cents to the dollar when compared to white, non-Hispanic males. Latinas hold only 7.4 percent of the degrees earned by women, though they constituted 16 percent of the female population in 2012. Graduation rates for Latinas were at 31.3 percent in 2008, still significantly lower than graduation rates for white women, at 45.8 percent.

Regarding it as an arbitrary, generic term, many Latin American scholars, journalists and organizations have objected to the mass media use of the word “Latino”, pointing out that such ethnonyms are optional and should be used only to describe people involved in the practices, ideologies and identity politics of their supporters. They argue that if “Hispanic” is an imposed official term, then so is “Latino”, since it was the French who coined the expression “Latin America” (Amérique latine) to refer to the Spanish, French, and Portuguese-speaking countries of the Western Hemisphere, during their support of the Second Mexican Empire. The term “Hispanic” has been the source of several debates in the USA.

Other countries in the Western Hemisphere — Nicaragua, Panama, Chile, Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica — have had women as presidents. While some argue that Latinas arechoosing lower-paid professions, further education isn’t a panacea, as shown in Figure A. Regardless of their level of educational attainment or their occupation, Latinas are paid less than their white male counterparts.

If they do have a preference, both groups prefer the term “Hispanic” rather than “Latino”. In 2006, Time Magazine reported that the number of hate groups in the United States increased by 33 percent since 2000, primarily due to anti-illegal immigrant and anti-Mexican sentiment. According to Federal Bureau of Investigation statistics, the number of anti-Latino hate crimes increased by 35 percent since 2003 . In California, the state with the largest Latino population, the number of hate crimes against Latinos almost doubled. There are also populations of predominantly of African descent as well as populations of American Indian descent as well as those with intermixed ancestries.

Pan-ethnic labels describing the U.S. population of people tracing their roots to Latin America and Spain have been introduced over the decades, rising and falling in popularity. Today, the two dominant labels in use are Hispanic and Latino, with origins in the 1970s and 1990s respectively. Latinx is a term used to describe people who are of or relate to Latin American origin or descent. Given the growing Latino population in the U.S. and the high percentage of social workers involved in the treatment of addiction (Smith, Whitaker, & Weismiller, 2006), social workers are increasingly likely to encounter adult Latina clients. The current study’s findings help social work practitioners and researchers begin to better understand beliefs about addiction and their cultural and socioeconomic correlates among adult Latinas.

Both “Hispanic” and “Latino” are generally used to denote people living in the United States. Age and family structure play important roles in women’s labor force participation, as well as employment opportunities.

The health educators described how unhealthy relationships, including those characterized by abuse and coercion, can create barriers to practicing safer sex. This session also addressed reproduction, the female anatomy, and the value of one’s body. Session 3 used video testimonials by Latina women who were living with HIV to enhance participants’ awareness of HIV risk practices and to dispel common myths about HIV in the Latina community. The health educators also discussed the HIV risk reduction strategies of abstinence, consistent condom use, and having fewer male sexual partners.

Puerto Rican Citizenship

Findings could also benefit social work practitioners and researchers interested in developing and implementing culturally tailored substance abuse interventions. Like the parent study, the current study is guided by Bogenschneider’s ecological risk/protective model and Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory of human development. These theories emphasize multiple contextual influences that shape patterns of human development and behavior. In accordance with the ecological model, the current study aims to describe potential associations between cultural factors and attributions about addiction among adult Latina women, while examining and controlling for socioeconomic variables and substance use frequency. Providers may also deliver interventions that they have developed on their own or with research partners.37 Ours was the first successful efficacy trial of a systematic linguistic and cultural adaptation of an evidence-based intervention for use with a diverse Latina population.